In 600 BC the famous Nebuchadnezzar who took the Prophet Daniel and the Israelites into captivity, completes a restoration of the Tower. The place of those ruins today are in Borsippa which is a Greek word meaning Tongue-Tower. There is an inscription at the site of King Nebuchadnezzar. The opening lines read:
I have completed its magnificence with silver, gold, other metals, stone, enameled bricks, fir and pine. The first which is the house of the earth’s base, the most ancient monument of Babylon; I built and finished it. I have highly exalted its head with bricks covered with copper.
In 475 BC the Persian King Xerxes destroys the superstructure of the Tower.
In 440 BC Herodotus the Greek historian wrote upon visiting the ruins; “It has a solid central tower, one furlong square, with a second erected on top of it and then a third, and so on up to eight. All eight towers can be climbed by a spiral way running around the outside, and about halfway up there are seats for those who make the journey to rest on.”
In 330 BC Alexander the Great visits the ruins and makes plan to rebuild the Tower
In 500 AD Babylon was abandoned for centuries.
Wikipedia entry on Borsippa:
Borsippa (Sumerian: BAD.SI.(A).AB.BAKI; Akkadian: Barsip and Til-Barsip) orBirs Nimrud (having been identified with Nimrod) is an archeological site inBabylon Province, Iraq. The ziggurat, the "Tongue Tower," today one of the most vividly identifiable surviving ziggurats, is identified in the later Talmudicand Arabic culture with the Tower of Babel.
Borsippa was an important ancient city of Sumer, built on both sides of a lake about 17.7 km (11.0 mi) southwest of Babylon on the east bank of theEuphrates.
- Bibleprobe.com: Tower of Babel (ancient Bablylon)
- The Tower of Babel at Borsippa by John P. Peters, Journal of the American Oriental Society
- Description and photos of the ruins of the tower at Borsippa